【小岛浪吹】目前尺度最大的一期,这么多年你都白嫖了,原来里面有这么多牛B

小岛大浪吹-非正经政经频道
7 Nov 202120:31

Summary

TLDRThis video explores the controversial topic of prostitution, a subject often avoided in certain conversations. It delves into the historical and legal perspectives of sex work across different countries, highlighting the nuanced views and regulations surrounding it globally. With an emphasis on the social, economic, and cultural implications, the script discusses the legality of sex work in various regions, including the specific example of Nevada, USA, and the moral debates it incites. Furthermore, it examines historical approaches to sex work in China, from ancient practices to modern perspectives, including public and legal attitudes towards sex workers and the impact of these views on society. Through a comprehensive analysis, the video aims to shed light on the complexities of sex work and its place in society, challenging viewers to consider the balance between legal regulations, moral judgments, and human rights.

Takeaways

  • 📝 The video discusses the controversial topic of prostitution, emphasizing the stigma and legal variances across different countries.
  • 📊 It highlights that 109 countries deem prostitution illegal, whereas 77 consider it legal, with the rest placing it in a legal grey area.
  • 📰 Media and entertainment industries in less restricted countries are cited as influencing perceptions of sexual openness abroad.
  • 🔥 France's approach to penalizing clients and pimps instead of sex workers is noted as a humanized effort to protect those in vulnerable positions.
  • 💵 The video discusses the economic arguments for legalization, including tax revenue benefits and regulation for health and safety.
  • 👥 It touches on historical practices of prostitution in China, suggesting a long-standing tolerance and regulation of the trade for economic and social stability.
  • 💭 International perspectives, including Amnesty International and The Economist, advocate for legalization to protect rights and health.
  • 👨‍💼 The script makes a cultural comparison, highlighting the acceptability of discussing sexual experiences among different demographics and regions.
  • 🚨 It outlines the historical context of prostitution in China, mentioning notable periods and figures that shaped its societal role.
  • 🌐 Finally, the video questions the rationale behind modern anti-prostitution laws, suggesting that economic and social stability are central concerns.

Q & A

  • What is the historical significance of sex work in ancient Chinese society, particularly during the Spring and Autumn period?

    -During the Spring and Autumn period, sex work had a significant economic and social function. For example, Guan Zhong, a minister in Qi, established state-run brothels to increase tax revenue and ease social tensions, reflecting a pragmatic approach to governance and economic management.

  • How did the legal and social status of sex workers change from the Tang Dynasty to the Song Dynasty?

    -In the Tang Dynasty, sex workers, particularly those proficient in arts, were highly regarded and served the elite. However, in the Song Dynasty, their status declined, and while sex work remained legal, it faced more restrictions and moral scrutiny.

  • What role did economic considerations play in the regulation of sex work in historical contexts?

    -Economic considerations were crucial in the regulation of sex work, as it could be a significant source of tax revenue. However, concerns about social stability and moral values often led to regulations that aimed to control and sometimes prohibit sex work.

  • How did the Ming Dynasty's approach to sex work differ from previous dynasties?

    -The Ming Dynasty initially embraced sex work, with establishments like state-run brothels. However, due to moral and social concerns, there was a shift, leading to the first large-scale crackdown on sex work, aiming to eradicate state-operated brothels and impose stricter moral standards.

  • In what way did Qing Dynasty policies impact the traditional sex work industry in China?

    -The Qing Dynasty implemented stringent policies that abolished the official rank of entertainers (music and dance performers) and cracked down on sex work. These policies, coupled with social and cultural changes, led to a decline in the traditional sex work industry.

  • How do contemporary perspectives on sex work in China reflect its historical context and cultural heritage?

    -Contemporary perspectives on sex work in China are influenced by its historical and cultural context, where it was once a regulated but acknowledged part of society. Today, there's a complex view, balancing between acknowledging historical precedents and adhering to modern legal and ethical standards.

  • What arguments are presented in favor of legalizing sex work, according to international and economic viewpoints?

    -Proponents of legalizing sex work argue that it can protect the rights and health of sex workers, reduce illegal activities, and generate economic benefits through regulation and taxation, as supported by organizations like Amnesty International and economic analyses.

  • How does the public perception of sex work in China compare with its historical tolerance and regulation?

    -Historically, China had periods of tolerance and state regulation of sex work, but public perception has varied, often influenced by moral, legal, and social norms. Today, there's a more conservative approach to sex work, reflecting a shift from historical norms to current legal and moral standards.

  • What impact did sex work have on cultural and artistic expressions in historical China?

    -Sex work significantly influenced cultural and artistic expressions in historical China, contributing to literature, music, and arts. Poets and artists often depicted or were inspired by courtesans and entertainers, enriching Chinese cultural heritage.

  • Why is the modern Chinese government stringent about sex work, despite its historical prevalence?

    -The modern Chinese government's stringent approach to sex work is driven by concerns about social stability, moral values, and the desire to align with contemporary legal and ethical standards, marking a departure from its historical prevalence and regulation.

Outlines

00:00

🌍 Global Perspectives on Sex Work

This segment explores the controversial topic of sex work, emphasizing its negative connotation and the preference for the term 'sex trade'. The narrative discusses the legality of sex work, noting that 109 countries deem it illegal while 77 allow it, leaving others in a gray area. Despite a common belief in the openness of developed nations towards sex, the video explains that most US states, except Nevada, prohibit sex work. It highlights the paradox where countries that legalize sex work still penalize aspects of it, using France as an example where clients and pimps are fined, not the sex workers, acknowledging their often vulnerable position. The narrative counters the notion that Westerners are proud of engaging in sex work, pointing out a general disdain for the topic, unlike in some younger Chinese circles. Following the Li Yundi incident, the discussion in China around legalizing sex work has grown, aligning with arguments from international organizations and economists about rights protection and financial benefits, despite traditional condemnations.

05:01

🏺 Ancient Traditions and the Evolution of Sex Work

This section delves into the historical development of sex work in China, beginning with its earliest records in the Shang Dynasty and the formal establishment of state-run brothels by Guan Zhong in the Spring and Autumn period. It contrasts Chinese advancements in regulated sex work with similar practices emerging later in Athens. The Han Dynasty's introduction of 'camp followers' to maintain military morale is noted, with the practice continuing until the defeat of the Nationalists by the Communists. The Tang Dynasty's flourishing culture and the official status of entertainers, or 'music households', are highlighted, reflecting a complex hierarchy within the profession. The narrative also touches on the Ming and Qing Dynasties' attempts to regulate or eliminate sex work, reflecting changing societal norms and the impact of cultural and political shifts on the profession.

10:02

📜 Song Dynasty: The Apex of Cultured Courtesans

The third segment focuses on the Song Dynasty, marking the zenith of the sex work industry in China, characterized by a refined classification system for courtesans. It outlines how these courtesans were not merely sex workers but also cultural figures who contributed to the arts, notably poetry. The era's acceptance and even celebration of courtesans by the literati, which allowed poets like Xin Wenfang to elevate the status of these women through their works, is discussed. The narrative contrasts the high regard for upper-class courtesans with the stigma attached to lower-tier workers, illustrating the complexity and nuance of the industry during this period.

15:03

⚔️ Military Needs and Cultural Shifts in Dynastic Transitions

This section examines how military necessities and cultural shifts influenced the practice and perception of sex work from the Han Dynasty through the Qing Dynasty. It explores the rationale behind the establishment of 'camp followers' or military prostitutes in the Han Dynasty and their continuation into the Republic of China. The discussion transitions to the Tang Dynasty's entertainment industry boom, leading to a sophisticated hierarchy within the professional entertainers, and how economic and cultural factors contributed to the flourishing of sex work. The narrative also covers the decline in the visibility and societal acceptance of sex work in the Qing Dynasty due to legal and social reforms, highlighting how historical and socio-political contexts shaped the evolution of sex work in China.

20:04

🚫 Modern Stance on Sex Work and Societal Implications

The final segment addresses the contemporary viewpoint on sex work in China, contrasting the country's rich history of normalized sex work with its current prohibition. It explores the reasons behind the ban, such as the potential negative impact on societal stability and economic development. The narrative suggests that while the Communist Party may turn a blind eye to individual transgressions, it holds public figures and officials to a higher standard to maintain social order and moral integrity. The segment reflects on the complexity of legalizing sex work in modern China, considering the social, economic, and political implications. The discussion also touches on the importance of upholding values like gender equality and social stability in the face of challenges posed by the sex trade.

Mindmap

Keywords

💡Prostitution

Prostitution, referred to in the video as engaging in sexual activities for compensation, is a central theme of the discussion. It highlights the debate over the morality, legality, and societal implications of sex work across different cultures and historical periods. The video outlines the global divide in legal perspectives, with some countries deeming it illegal, others legalizing it, and yet others placing it in a legal grey area. The conversation reflects on how prostitution is intertwined with economic, social, and ethical considerations, suggesting a complex relationship between legal frameworks and societal norms.

💡Sex work

Sex work is presented as a neutral term compared to the more derogatory 'prostitution,' suggesting a shift towards recognizing it as an occupation involving sexual services for compensation. The video explores how the perception of sex work varies widely, with some advocating for its legalization as a means to protect those involved and others viewing it as inherently exploitative. This term encompasses a broad range of activities beyond just the act of prostitution, including escorting, pornography, and erotic performances, highlighting the diversity within the industry.

💡Legalization

Legalization is discussed as a contentious solution to the issues surrounding prostitution and sex work. The script delves into arguments for and against the legalization, such as enhancing the safety and rights of sex workers and increasing tax revenues, versus concerns over moral degradation and societal harm. The video references various international viewpoints, including those of organizations like Amnesty International and economic publications, to illustrate the complex debate on whether making sex work legal can lead to better regulatory oversight and protection for workers.

💡Human rights

Human rights emerge as a critical theme in the discussion, particularly concerning the protection and treatment of sex workers. The video cites the stance of Amnesty International, emphasizing that legalization could offer better human rights protections for workers by ensuring access to health services, legal recourse against exploitation, and safer working conditions. This concept is pivotal to the debate, framing sex work within the larger context of labor rights and personal autonomy.

💡Social stability

Social stability is invoked in the script as a justification for the existence of prostitution and sex work throughout history. The narrator suggests that in certain contexts, such as ancient China or in societies with significant gender imbalances, sex work has played a role in mitigating social tensions and maintaining harmony. This perspective introduces a utilitarian argument, positing that sex work can serve as a safety valve for societal pressures, although it remains a controversial and deeply debated point.

💡Taxation

Taxation is discussed as a practical benefit of legalizing sex work, with references to historical and contemporary estimates of economic contributions from the industry. The video outlines how formal recognition and regulation of sex work could lead to significant tax revenue, drawing parallels with other vice industries like tobacco. This argument for legalization is framed within broader economic considerations, suggesting that government regulation could transform a grey market into a source of public funding.

💡Cultural perceptions

Cultural perceptions of sex work are explored, contrasting the openness often associated with Western societies due to media influence with the realities of legal restrictions and social stigmas. The video challenges stereotypes by noting that, despite perceptions of liberal sexual norms in developed countries, many, including the United States, have stringent laws against prostitution. This segment highlights how media portrayal can misalign with legal and social realities, affecting public understanding of sex work across different cultures.

💡Gender imbalance

Gender imbalance is highlighted as a socio-demographic factor influencing attitudes towards sex work. The script mentions China's historical and current gender ratio disparities as a catalyst for debates around the legalization and social acceptance of sex work. By framing gender imbalance as a potential source of social unrest, the video connects demographic trends with the demand for sexual services, suggesting that these imbalances can have profound effects on social policies and attitudes towards sex work.

💡Exploitation

Exploitation is a critical concern discussed in the context of sex work, with the video examining how legal frameworks and societal attitudes impact the vulnerability of sex workers to abuse and injustice. The narrative acknowledges the complex reality that while some individuals may enter the sex industry by choice, others might be forced due to economic necessity or coercion, highlighting the importance of protective measures and rights-based approaches to address these issues.

💡Public health

Public health is addressed in the discussion as an argument for the legalization of sex work, with the claim that regulated industries could better ensure the health and safety of workers and their clients. The video suggests that legal frameworks could facilitate access to healthcare services, reduce the transmission of sexually transmitted infections, and promote safer work environments. This perspective situates sex work within broader public health initiatives, advocating for regulatory approaches that prioritize the well-being of individuals involved.

Highlights

A topic that's considered taboo in front of certain audiences, specifically discussing the nuances and perceptions surrounding prostitution.

An exploration of the terminology and connotations associated with sex work, distinguishing between pejorative and neutral expressions.

An overview of the global legal landscape regarding sex work, noting the division between countries that criminalize, legalize, or maintain a grey area on the matter.

A discussion on the influence of media and entertainment industries on public perceptions of sex work, particularly in Western contexts.

The legal status of sex work in various jurisdictions, with specific reference to the unique situation in Nevada, USA, and the contrasting approach in France.

An examination of the societal position of sex workers, highlighting the challenges and vulnerabilities they face.

Insights into the public and private discourse surrounding sex work, including societal condemnation and personal anecdotes from friends.

An analysis of the arguments for and against the legalization of sex work, drawing on perspectives from international organizations and economists.

The economic implications of sex work, illustrated through historical data and contemporary debates on taxation and fiscal policy.

A deep dive into China's historical context of sex work, tracing its roots and evolution across different dynasties.

The role and regulation of sex work in ancient China, with a focus on the strategic and economic rationale behind state-run brothels.

The cultural and social dynamics of sex work in the Tang Dynasty, emphasizing the distinction and specialization within the profession.

The impact of literary and artistic contributions on the recognition and valorization of sex workers in historical China.

A comparative analysis of sex work across different Chinese dynasties, highlighting shifts in societal attitudes and governmental policies.

A contemplation on the contemporary legal and ethical debates surrounding sex work, juxtaposed with historical practices and societal needs.

The potential implications of legalizing sex work in modern society, including considerations of social stability, economic impact, and public health.

Reflections on personal and societal perceptions of sex work, challenging stereotypes and advocating for a nuanced understanding of the issue.

Transcripts

00:00

今天咱們來聊一個老高永遠不敢

00:02

在小茉面前講的話題

00:04

嫖娼

00:05

只要老高不來

00:06

我就有信心成為這個話題的頭牌

00:09

嫖娼這個詞我覺得帶有比較明顯的貶義

00:12

中性點來講就是性交易

00:14

什麽是性交易呢

00:15

專業點來說就是以金錢,財物為媒介

00:18

與他人發生不正當的性關系的行為

00:20

目前在全世界

00:21

有109個國家將性交易定義為非法

00:24

只有77個國家把性交易定義為合法

00:27

剩下的也都是把他放在灰色地帶

00:29

很多國內的朋友會想象國外的人

00:31

尤其是發達國家的人在性這個方面非常的開放

00:34

這個其實主要是受到了媒體

00:36

以及海外的娛樂產業的影響

00:38

因為在海外

00:39

媒體和娛樂產業受到的限製比較小

00:41

為了流量自然就往勁爆了整

00:43

其實在美國的大部分州

00:44

性交易都是違法的

00:46

只有內華達州是合法的

00:47

不過比較有意思的地方是

00:49

即使認定為是合法的

00:50

很多國家照樣會罰

00:52

比如說在法國

00:52

他們不處罰小姐姐

00:54

只處罰提供金援的好心人和收手續費的老板

00:57

理由還是比較人性化的

00:58

就是這些小姐姐她們處於一個弱勢的地位

01:01

有些人可能確實是缺乏謀生的手段

01:04

你不讓她幹這一行一時間也不知道讓她做什麽

01:07

而且我聽我朋友說

01:08

做這一行一般都是背井離鄉

01:10

去個沒人認識自己的地方做

01:12

一般很少有本地人給本地人提供服務的

01:15

因此這就讓小姐姐們更加弱勢了

01:17

好不容易出了國,剛開工,中介費都沒賺回來

01:20

就要罰款加遣送

01:21

下回誰還敢來這個地方打工啊

01:23

但是我相信

01:24

每一個國家

01:25

無論在法律上怎麽定義這種行為

01:27

在道德上都是對這種事情進行譴責的

01:29

沒錯,老外也非常譴責這種事情

01:32

即使不譴責,也會覺得很不光彩

01:34

目前來說我也認識了不少老外了

01:36

無論他們有沒有提供過金援

01:38

我從來沒有聽他們跟我炫耀這方面的經歷

01:41

反而是不少中國的朋友

01:42

尤其是比較年輕的朋友

01:44

對這些事情不太避諱

01:45

最近在李雲迪事件發生之後

01:47

我註意到不少國內的朋友

01:49

也提出了性交易合法化的可行性

01:51

他們的說法其實不能說沒有道理

01:53

第一個理由其實和不少國際上的

01:55

大機構的理論是不謀而合的

01:57

比如說國際特赦組織

01:58

他們就認為合法化之後對小姐姐的人權

02:01

好心人的身體都能夠提供更好的保障

02:03

國際特赦組織這個名字聽起來還比較左

02:06

哥肯定是不喜歡的

02:07

但是無獨有偶

02:08

經濟學人也提出了類似的觀點

02:11

當然他們就不是從人文關懷的角度來考慮的了

02:14

而是從凱恩斯主義的角度出發

02:15

凱恩斯就是大政府

02:17

大政府那就要把各行各業

02:19

合法的不合法的

02:20

都盡量納入自己的管控

02:21

經濟學人的觀點裏有一個點可以單獨拿出來講

02:24

就是稅收問題

02:26

灰色產業的一個特點就是不交稅

02:28

據各路學者估算

02:29

當年東莞在掃黃前

02:31

大概有25萬相關從業人員

02:32

為東莞產生了500億的GDP

02:35

中國香煙的稅率大概是零售價的40%

02:38

活塞運動這個事兒因為受

02:40

身體素質,年齡,自給自足等影響

02:42

沒有香煙那麽不可替代

02:44

咱們就算20%的稅率吧

02:45

那也就是100億的財政收入了

02:47

對於一個市來講

02:48

這可真的是很不少了

02:49

再一個關鍵因素就和中國

02:51

本身的一個特殊國情有關了

02:52

講人口普查那期咱們就已經聊過了

02:54

中國的男性人口比女性多差不多3500萬

02:58

這部分數據其實給得還不夠細

03:00

沒有給出各年齡段的差別

03:01

因為女性的基礎代謝率比男性要低

03:04

因此平均壽命要比男性長差不多5年

03:07

這樣一來在中青年還幹的動的這一段

03:09

實際的差距可能更大

03:10

一旦供需產生了不平衡

03:12

那就有可能產生亂子

03:13

所以說小姐姐的存在在事實上

03:16

維護了社會的穩定與和諧

03:17

這個理由還是挺充分的

03:20

我們常說中國是一個擁有豐富歷史傳承的國家

03:24

那麽我們的老祖宗是怎麽處理這件事情的呢

03:27

有一些學者認為中國的妓女最早出現在商朝

03:30

但是各種文字記錄並不能支持這樣的論點

03:32

比較普遍的共識

03:34

勾欄的老祖宗還是春秋初期

03:36

齊國的宰相管仲

03:37

《堅瓠集》記載道:

03:39

管子治齊,置女閭七百

03:41

征其夜合之資,以充國用

03:43

此即花粉錢之始也

03:45

管仲大概是在公元前645年設立了國家妓院

03:49

而在將近50年後的雅典

03:50

梭倫才決定開設國家妓院

03:52

在當時廣受好評

03:54

很多時候大家都說我們中華文明比西方文明更先進

03:57

萬一有人問你到底先進在哪兒呢

03:59

這就是一個例子

04:01

管仲是世界的管仲

04:02

國外的小姐姐

04:03

但凡你要是有點文化

04:04

都應該拜管仲

04:05

而不是梭倫

04:06

那麽管仲為什麽要開設國家妓院呢

04:08

前面我們說的一些理由在春秋時期一樣也成立的

04:12

為國家增加稅收,緩和社會矛盾

04:14

但是呢也有當時時代的特殊原因

04:16

春秋時期諸雄混戰

04:18

各諸侯都希望吸引人才

04:20

有點本事但是又不是貴族的人通常被稱作遊士

04:23

這些人通常居無定所

04:25

也沒有老婆跟在身邊

04:26

偏偏又有需求

04:27

一個大型的國家化娛樂場所

04:29

可以起到非常好的招攬人才的作用

04:32

再一個原因就還是為了滿足貴族們的私欲了

04:34

據說齊桓公這個人非常的好色

04:37

他剛上任的時候就和管仲表示

04:39

寡人有三疾

04:40

好酒、好色、好田獵

04:42

韓非子中也有記載

04:43

說桓公「被發而禦婦人,日遊於市

04:46

意思是說齊桓公大白天在街頭上披著頭發搞車震

04:50

所以管仲搞妓院

04:52

應該也有投領導所好的意思

04:53

這個時代小姐姐們的名字還比較拗口

04:56

叫做女閭

04:57

到了漢朝時又有了新的變化

04:58

漢朝時中國的面積已經比較大了

05:01

打仗再也不像春秋戰國時那樣都在自己家門口打仗了

05:04

常常需要長途跋涉

05:05

去到草原打匈奴

05:06

戰士們也是人

05:08

那個時候也沒有個政委給他們憶苦思甜

05:10

講講為何而戰

05:11

為了保持軍隊的戰鬥力

05:12

漢武帝靈機一動

05:13

成立了最早的營妓

05:15

在《漢武外史》有記載道

05:16

一曰,古未有妓

05:18

至漢武始置營妓

05:20

以待軍士之無妻室者

05:21

其實據說勾踐也在軍隊裏設置過營妓

05:24

名字叫做遊軍士

05:26

但是真正把這個職業製度化的

05:28

還是漢武帝

05:29

營妓這個職業在大陸一直延續到

05:31

共產黨打敗國民黨為止

05:33

國民黨敗退臺灣後

05:34

又以軍中樂園的名義讓

05:36

這個職業在中國繼續多存活了40年

05:38

一直到1992年

05:39

在李登輝的任上軍中樂園被關閉

05:42

漢朝因為連年征戰

05:43

所以在文化這件事情上

05:44

做的並不到位

05:45

小姐姐這個職業

05:46

並沒有被發揚光大

05:48

中國歷史上文化最為繁榮的朝代

05:50

當屬唐朝了

05:51

所以咱們可以著重的講一講唐朝的女伎

05:53

女伎的伎和我現在說的妓並不是同一個字

05:57

意思也不完全相同

05:58

到了今天日本還有藝伎這樣一個職業

06:00

藝伎實際上賣不賣身咱們也不知道

06:02

但是在明面上人家就是表演歌舞的

06:05

唐朝因為經濟的高度發達

06:07

所以達官顯貴

06:08

甚至民間商人都對娛樂產生了需求

06:10

當時人的娛樂還不多

06:12

稍微上點檔次的就是看別人唱歌跳舞

06:14

這就讓唐朝對一種群體的需求激增

06:17

樂戶

06:18

樂戶其實漢朝時就已經有了

06:19

但是人數還是太少

06:21

沒有形成規模

06:22

中國人一直以來都是崇尚實業的

06:24

當時的實業要麽是做官

06:26

要麽是種田

06:26

因此樂戶是被瞧不起的

06:28

可是需求在呀

06:29

而要成為一個比較專業的歌者

06:31

或者舞者是需要時間培養的

06:33

最好的辦法就是讓樂戶繼續培養他們的子女

06:36

所以執政者就規定

06:37

樂戶的孩子只能繼續做樂戶

06:39

也就是說她們是沒有辦法改變自己的階級的

06:42

她們從出生的那刻起

06:44

一輩子的命運就已經被決定了

06:46

就是取悅他人

06:47

唐朝因為國力強大,經濟發達

06:49

所以樂戶的人數也就越來越多

06:51

當一個行業裏有了足夠多人的時候就會開始卷

06:54

都是樂戶,但是我們也要分分高低

06:56

慢慢的樂戶就細分出了幾種不同的職業

06:58

包括宮伎、官伎、家伎、營伎、市井伎、私伎等

07:02

宮伎當然是最牛的了

07:03

專門為皇家服務

07:04

主要是在國家級

07:05

甚至國際級的舞臺上進行表演

07:07

唐玄宗大家肯定熟

07:09

他本人就熟知音律,酷愛法曲

07:11

因為覺得宮伎不夠專業

07:12

所以幹脆在梨園

07:14

也就是唐代訓練樂工的機構裏常駐

07:16

對樂工們進行培訓

07:18

《新唐書·禮樂誌》裏就記載

07:19

(玄宗)選坐部伎子弟三百,教於梨園

07:22

聲有誤者,帝必覺而正之

07:24

號皇帝梨園弟子

07:25

這也就是為什麽後來戲班子都稱自己梨園的原因

07:28

官伎其實也是差不多

07:30

只是服務對象是官員

07:31

通常來說這個層級的伎

07:33

並不會涉及到性

07:34

當然如果皇帝或者大官有這方面的要求

07:36

我猜應該也不會被拒絕

07:38

或者不敢拒絕

07:39

但是有一點可以明確

07:41

就是平民老百姓那是一個衣角都碰不到的

07:43

營伎那就沒有辦法了

07:45

跟一幫糙軍漢在一起

07:46

想雅起來也是很難的

07:48

那麽什麽是家伎和私伎

07:49

我開始的第一反應猜她們應該是類似於包養和流鶯

07:53

其實不是這麽一回事兒

07:54

這裏的家是家族的意思

07:56

家伎是指由家族豢養的女伎

07:59

屬於集體財產

08:00

私伎則是指私人的女伎

08:02

比如說著名的韓熙載(口誤)夜宴圖

08:04

裏面的那五個女樂合奏

08:06

應該就是家伎(也有可能是官伎)

08:07

和客人廝混的妹子

08:08

則大概率是家伎

08:09

其實這幾種伎我們平時在看古裝片的時候經常能看到

08:13

只是我估摸著大家都忽略了

08:15

主要還是太素了

08:16

人民群眾可能還是對市井伎比較感興趣

08:18

接地氣嘛

08:19

什麽是市井伎呢

08:21

我們要知道

08:22

前面我們說的無論什麽伎或者女閭

08:24

都不是面向普通人的

08:25

她們都是為貴族,官員,乃至軍人服務的

08:28

市井伎的出現則填補了這個空白

08:31

在中晚唐時

08:32

由於樂戶的急劇增多

08:33

出現了僧多粥少的局面

08:35

不少樂戶都吃不飽飯

08:37

活人不能被尿憋死

08:38

那就得想辦法自謀生路了

08:40

因此就逐漸出現了一種雖然還規教坊管理

08:43

官府有活也得去服務

08:45

但是平常卻可以自己找活兒的市井伎

08:48

這個哪怕在現在的中國

08:49

你都能看到類似的情況

08:51

比如說你看潘長江

08:52

現在就是靠表演賣酒

08:53

其實他的軍銜是大校

08:56

哦對了,有一點我沒提

08:57

就是伎這個東西不一定非得是女的

08:59

男的也可以

09:00

像日本的藝伎

09:01

在很長的時間裏

09:03

都是男人扮的

09:04

不過必須要承認一點

09:05

中國古時候畢竟是男權社會

09:07

就算是男伎人

09:08

他也主要是為男性服務的

09:10

你懂的

09:12

說是自己找活兒

09:13

其實也不準確

09:14

當時的市井伎主要是在長安平康坊的北裏進行工作

09:18

有一本介紹當時市井伎生活的書

09:20

就叫做北裏誌

09:22

書中記載,當時的市井伎以「家」為單位

09:24

在「假母」的帶領下進行接客謀生

09:27

家的意思可能就接近於現在的XX會所

09:29

假母其實就是老鴇了

09:31

市井伎的主要活動是為普通人進行歌舞表演

09:34

雖然是給普通人表演

09:35

但是專業素養都是過硬的

09:37

畢竟都是從小開始訓練的樂戶

09:39

而且因為在市井中表演的頻率更高

09:41

和觀眾的距離更近

09:42

便於她們改進自己的技術

09:44

因此在娛樂性上

09:46

還要超過宮伎和官伎

09:47

這個其實就是類似於今天的姜昆和郭德綱

09:50

或者說國家級的藝術家和偶像的差別

09:53

高大上的咱們不一定喜歡

09:54

比如說我,就特別喜歡喝速溶的白咖啡

09:57

不愛喝現磨的

09:58

不是哥沒錢

09:59

主要是因為白咖啡裏添加劑多,夠香

10:01

當然市井伎她也不僅僅只做歌舞表演

10:04

她們也會玩葷的

10:05

《北裏誌》中記載說市井伎兼以售色

10:08

多有客人留宿一夕或數日

10:10

盤桓日久耗盡資產者不勝其數

10:13

市井伎玩的花,技術又好

10:14

加上唐朝對狎伎又沒有限製

10:17

這就讓越來越多的權貴也對她們感興趣了

10:19

權貴們感興趣的事情

10:21

那就是時尚的風向標呀

10:22

再加上男人嘛

10:23

坐在一起能吹的牛也就那麽幾個

10:25

尤其是在權貴中又有一群叫做詩人的群體

10:28

他們可以通過寫詩來對女伎進行宣傳

10:32

為什麽我們以前常聽說詩人可以白嫖呢

10:34

就是因為他們的詩可以讓女伎身價倍增

10:37

元朝文人辛文房在《唐才子傳》中記載

10:40

每題詩倡肆

10:41

譽之則身價頓增

10:43

毀之則車馬掃跡

10:44

所以對於女伎來說詩人是什麽呢

10:47

類似於今天的各種有的沒的評委或者水軍

10:50

而很多女伎的水平甚至比評委都高

10:52

比如唐朝非常有名的女伎薛濤

10:55

直接就能和當時的大詩人們鬥詩賦

10:57

與她唱和的詩人包括白居易

10:59

元稹,裴度,杜牧等等

11:01

余皆名士,記載凡二十人

11:03

放在今天大概是個什麽情況呢

11:05

類似於一個男生認識了一個身段好

11:07

長得漂亮的妹子

11:08

有一天突然發現妹子LOL和Dota打的比你還好

11:11

玩的時候又是騷話不斷

11:13

就像沫子,Miss,呆妹這種

11:15

像沫子我覺得她遲早也得被鐵拳

11:18

看一天少一天

11:19

作為一個男人

11:20

在這種時候,你好意思不掏錢嗎

11:21

你就算不掏錢

11:22

你是不是也要認認真真帶她們打一把

11:24

所以市井伎得以高速發展

11:27

女伎就漸漸發展成了女妓

11:29

假母也就漸漸變成了老鴇

11:31

到了宋朝時

11:32

中國的妓女業也隨之發展到了頂峰

11:34

《東京夢華錄》記載道

11:35

東京城中「別有幽坊小巷,燕館歌樓,舉之萬數

11:39

此時行業進一步細化

11:41

由市井伎演化而來的女妓又被進一步地分級了

11:44

《醉翁談錄》中記載

11:45

東京的妓女分為三等

11:47

我還是用小姐姐吧

11:48

總覺得妓女這個詞不太好

11:50

上等小姐「多能文詞,善談吐

11:53

亦平衡人物,應對有度

11:55

接待的都是達官貴人,文人騷客

11:57

次等小姐 絲竹管弦,艷歌妙舞,鹹精其能

12:00

我的理解

12:01

放到今天上等和次等都是明星

12:04

只是前者更有內涵

12:05

文化底蘊更深

12:06

接觸的人層次更高

12:08

後者則可能是專業技術比較強

12:10

其他方面弱一些

12:11

下等小姐則色藝略差

12:14

這裏強調下

12:15

下等歌妓並不是說她們就賣皮肉

12:17

只是說業務能力較差

12:19

只有下等中的下等

12:20

才會公開從事色情行業

12:22

《都城紀勝》中記載

12:24

謂有娼妓在內,可以就歡

12:25

而於酒閣內暗藏臥床也

12:28

門首紅梔子燈上,不以晴雨

12:30

必用箬贛蓋之,以為記認

12:32

紅梔子燈就是營業的標誌

12:34

現在人叫紅燈區(red-light district)

12:35

其實是從英語翻譯過來的

12:37

但是如果你懂歷史

12:38

就會知道其實這個詞我們早就有了

12:40

除了純賣皮肉的小姐姐外

12:41

宋朝的小姐其實並不算受歧視