Paying for Cloud Storage is Stupid

Linus Tech Tips
30 Mar 202411:54

Summary

TLDRThe video script discusses the 'Snatch and Smash' viral trend, a supposed publicity stunt for cloud storage services. It then transitions into a tutorial on setting up an affordable and efficient Network Attached Storage (NAS) system using the friendlyELEC CM3588 NAS kit. The video highlights the benefits of NAS over traditional cloud storage, emphasizing data protection, cost-effectiveness, and the ability to scale up storage without monthly subscriptions. It also touches on the technical aspects of the NAS setup, including the hardware used, the installation process, and the software options available for managing and accessing the stored data.

Takeaways

  • 📺 The 'Snatch and Smash' trend on TikTok involves an elderly man destroying a phone, but the video is suspected to be a staged promotional stunt.
  • 🔍 AI search capabilities can be used to verify the authenticity of viral videos by cross-referencing images and information.
  • 💡 The video presents a tech tip on affordable data safeguarding using a NAS (Network Attached Storage) device as an alternative to expensive cloud storage options.
  • 🌐 The friendly elec CM 3588 NAS kit offers a cost-effective solution for data backup with the potential to scale and upgrade in the future.
  • 🚀 The NAS device's ARM-based processor from Rockchip provides efficient performance and low power consumption.
  • 🔧 Modularity is a key feature of the NAS device, allowing for future upgrades without needing to replace the entire system.
  • 💻 The compute board comes with 4GB DDR4X memory and can be expanded with additional RAM and storage options.
  • 💿 SSD options for the NAS device prioritize reliability and warranty, with the choice reflecting a balance between cost and performance.
  • 🔒 Data protection is enhanced with the 321 rule: three copies of data on two types of media, with one copy off-site, which is especially relevant when configuring a NAS.
  • 🌟 Open Media Vault (OMV) is a suitable alternative to RAID for ARM-based NAS devices, offering a user-friendly setup and management interface.
  • 🔄 The video highlights the benefits of using a NAS device, such as data sharing across a network, redundancy, and protection against single points of failure.

Q & A

  • What is the 'Snatch and Smash' trend mentioned in the script?

    -The 'Snatch and Smash' trend refers to a viral challenge where individuals sneak up on others and destroy their phones, often as a prank. It has gained significant attention on social media platforms like TikTok.

  • How does the script address the issue of data security in relation to the 'Snatch and Smash' trend?

    -The script suggests using network attached storage (NAS) devices as a way to safeguard data, ensuring that even if a device like a phone is destroyed, the data is backed up and accessible from other devices on the network.

  • What is the cost comparison between using a NAS device and cloud storage services like iCloud and Google Drive?

    -The script provides an example of the FriendlyElec CM 3588 NAS kit, which costs about the same as two terabytes of cloud storage per year but offers a one-time cost solution as opposed to the recurring fees of cloud storage services.

  • What are the key features of the FriendlyElec CM 3588 NAS kit mentioned in the script?

    -The FriendlyElec CM 3588 NAS kit includes a 2.5Gigabit Ethernet, three HDMI ports, one USB 3.0, one USB-C, a Micro SD slot, and four full-sized M.2 PCIe Gen 3 slots. It is designed for modularity and can be upgraded in the future with different boards.

  • How does the script describe the performance of the Rockchip processor in the FriendlyElec CM 3588 NAS kit?

    -The script mentions that the Rockchip processor in the NAS kit is highly efficient and powerful for its size, capable of handling data transfer tasks without requiring a large power input, and it can even be powered by a 2 Amp 12V DC input.

  • What is the 321 rule in data storage mentioned in the script?

    -The 321 rule refers to having three copies of your data on two types of media, with one of them being offsite. This ensures data redundancy and protection against data loss due to various factors such as hardware failure or theft.

  • How does the script suggest using the NAS device for video editing?

    -The script suggests that while the NAS device can handle video editing tasks, it may not be the fastest option due to the limitations of the PCIe Gen 3x1 connections. However, it can still be used effectively for editing lower resolution videos or as an external hard drive in conjunction with a more powerful machine running a Plex server.

  • What are the supported operating systems for the NAS device mentioned in the script?

    -The script lists OMV (Open Media Vault), Debian, Friendly WRT, Ubuntu, and even Android as supported operating systems for the NAS device.

  • How does the script address the issue of silent and fanless operation for the NAS device?

    -The script highlights that the NAS device operates silently and without heat issues because it does not require a fan, making it suitable for quiet environments and low-temperature operation.

  • What is the potential cost savings of using the NAS device compared to cloud storage plans from major providers?

    -The script provides an example where Google charges $600 a year for a 10 TB cloud storage plan, and the cost of the NAS device with SSDs in the described configuration would pay off in less than a year and a half, offering significant long-term cost savings.

  • How does the script describe the scalability of the NAS device?

    -The script mentions that the NAS device can scale up to 32 terabytes of storage, providing flexibility for users to expand their storage needs over time as their requirements grow.

Outlines

00:00

📱 Viral 'Snatch and Smash' Trend and Data Protection

This paragraph discusses a viral 'Snatch and Smash' trend, where an elderly man is shown destroying a phone in a TikTok video. It highlights the importance of data protection, especially for younger generations who may not be able to afford expensive cloud storage. The focus then shifts to an affordable method of safeguarding data using a NAS (Network Attached Storage) device, the friendly elec CM 3588 NAS kit. The kit's value is emphasized, as it costs roughly the same as two terabytes of cloud storage per year and features an efficient, Rockchip-based processor. The segment concludes with a brief mention of the modularity of the NAS device and the potential for future upgrades.

05:01

💾 Building a Custom NAS for Data Storage and Redundancy

The second paragraph delves into the process of setting up a custom NAS (Network Attached Storage) system. It starts by questioning the need for a NAS over external hard drives, highlighting the benefits of data sharing and redundancy. The paragraph explains the use of OMV (Open Media Vault) as the operating system for the NAS, due to the ARM-based compute board. The process of installing OMV from an SD card and configuring RAID 5 for a balance of protection and capacity is detailed. The NAS is then connected to Windows-based computers using SMB protocol, and the performance of file transfers and CPU usage is discussed. The paragraph concludes by addressing the 'Snatch and Smash' threat with a solution involving PhotoPrism and PhotoSync for AI-powered photo libraries and bi-directional syncing.

10:03

🚀 Affordable NAS Solution with Scalability and Performance

The final paragraph emphasizes the affordability and scalability of the custom-built NAS solution, which can expand up to 32 terabytes of storage for a top price of $160. It contrasts the cost-effectiveness of this setup against major cloud providers' storage plans, such as Google's 10 TB plan at $600 per year. The paragraph also discusses the capabilities of the NAS, including its ability to handle video streaming and potential use in video editing. The endorsement of the NAS solution is reinforced, and a brief mention is made of Supermicro's storage servers, which are designed to support data-intensive workloads like AI and machine learning. The servers' features, such as rear IO, front configurations, PCIe Gen 5 NVMe SSDs, and redundant power supplies, are highlighted. The paragraph concludes with a call to action for viewers to explore more about Supermicro's storage solutions.

Mindmap

Keywords

💡snatch and smash

The term 'snatch and smash' refers to a viral trend where individuals stealthily approach others and destroy their property, in this case, a phone. This is highlighted in the video as an example of the potential risks and threats to personal devices. The phrase is used to illustrate the importance of safeguarding one's data and devices from unexpected and malicious acts.

💡TikTok

TikTok is a social media platform where users can create and share short videos. In the context of the video, it is mentioned as the platform where the 'snatch and smash' trend gained popularity, with one particular clip garnering over 6 million views. TikTok serves as a cultural reference point and a symbol of modern viral trends and challenges.

💡AI search

AI search refers to the use of artificial intelligence algorithms to analyze and process data to find relevant information. In the video, the term is used to describe the process of identifying the man involved in the 'snatch and smash' trend by reverse searching his image. It demonstrates the application of AI in everyday life for tasks such as identifying individuals and verifying information.

💡cloud storage

Cloud storage is a method of storing data on remote servers accessed via the internet, rather than on a physical hard drive. The video discusses the high costs associated with cloud storage services like iCloud and Google Drive and presents an alternative solution for data protection. It is contrasted with the traditional storage methods and presented as part of the broader conversation on data security and management.

💡NAS (Network Attached Storage)

NAS is a file-level computer data storage server connected to a computer network that provides data access to a heterogeneous group of clients. In the video, a NAS board is introduced as an affordable and efficient way to back up data, offering a contrast to cloud storage services. NAS devices enable users to store and share data across a network, which can be particularly useful for those looking to avoid the recurring costs of cloud storage subscriptions.

💡modularity

Modularity refers to the design principle of creating a system that is composed of smaller, independent, interchangeable modules. In the context of the video, the modularity of the compute board is highlighted as a key feature, allowing for potential upgrades and customizations without needing to replace the entire system. This concept is central to the DIY spirit of the project, empowering users to adapt and evolve their storage solutions over time.

💡PCIe (Peripheral Component Interconnect Express)

PCIe is a high-speed serial computer expansion bus standard for attaching hardware devices to a computer. In the video, PCIe is mentioned in relation to the slots available on the NAS board, which can be used to connect various storage devices. Understanding PCIe is important for users looking to maximize the performance and potential of their NAS setup, as it determines the data transfer speed and capability of the connected devices.

💡SSD (Solid State Drive)

An SSD is a data storage device that uses solid-state flash memory to store data persistently. SSDs are faster and more reliable than traditional hard disk drives (HDDs). In the video, SSDs are chosen for the NAS setup due to their performance and reliability, which are crucial for data backup and media server functions. The choice of SSDs reflects the importance of using dependable storage solutions for personal data protection.

💡RAID (Redundant Array of Independent Disks)

RAID is a data storage virtualization technology that distributes data across multiple hard drives or SSDs in a specific manner to improve performance and/or provide data redundancy. In the video, RAID five is chosen for its balance of protection and capacity, which is essential for creating a robust and efficient storage system. RAID configurations are critical in NAS setups to ensure data integrity and optimize storage space.

💡OMV (Open Media Vault)

OMV is an open-source network-attached storage solution based on Debian Linux. It is designed to be easy to set up and manage, making it accessible for users of various skill levels. In the video, OMV is used as the operating system for the NAS, allowing the users to create a customized and flexible storage solution that can be tailored to their specific needs, such as media streaming or data backup.

💡Plex

Plex is a media server software that organizes video, music, and photo files from personal libraries and streams them to various devices. In the video, Plex is mentioned as a potential application that can be run on the NAS to create a personal media server. This showcases the versatility of the NAS as a platform for various uses, beyond just data storage, and emphasizes the potential for creating a personalized entertainment hub.

Highlights

The viral 'Snatch and Smash' trend on TikTok, where an elderly man destroys a phone, is discussed as a potential fake news stunt to promote cloud storage services.

A tech tip is shared on an affordable way to safeguard data by using a NAS (Network Attached Storage) device instead of expensive cloud storage providers.

The friendly elec CM 3588 NAS kit is introduced as a cost-effective alternative to cloud storage, costing about the same as two terabytes of cloud storage per year.

The NAS device features an ARM-based processor from Rockchip, which offers high efficiency and can be powered by a 2 Amp 12V DC input.

The potential for modularity in future NAS devices is discussed, including the possibility of upgrading the 'brain' of the device without replacing the entire system.

The compute board comes with 4GB of DDR4X memory and no onboard storage, suggesting the use of an SD slot or upgrading to versions with more RAM and included eMMC storage.

The benefits of using a NAS over external hard drives are highlighted, including data sharing capabilities and reduced risk of data loss.

The 321 rule for data storage is mentioned, advocating for three copies of data on two types of media with one off-site.

Open Media Vault (OMV) is introduced as an operating system option for the NAS device, with a 25-minute installation process from an SD card to eMMC storage.

The NAS device's performance is tested with file transfers and CPU usage, showing efficient use of a 2.5-gig network interface without overheating.

Photo Prism is recommended as an AI-powered photo library for the NAS, offering a sync solution that can replace monthly cloud storage subscriptions with a one-time app payment.

The NAS device's capability to handle 4K video streaming in a Docker container on a Windows-based computer is demonstrated, with some limitations at higher resolutions.

The potential for using the NAS in video editing is discussed, suggesting its use as a high-capacity external hard drive in conjunction with a more powerful machine.

Linux-based operating systems are listed as compatible with the NAS device, including Debian, Friendly WRT, Ubuntu, and even Android.

A strong recommendation is given for the NAS device, emphasizing its value compared to the cost of larger cloud storage plans from providers like Google.

Super Micro's storage servers are endorsed for their support of data-intensive workloads like AI and machine learning, with features like rear IO, front configurations, and PCIe Gen 5 NVMe SSDs.

Transcripts

00:01

snatch and smash it's the viral Trend

00:03

that's Breaking All the Rules and maybe

00:06

your phone this clip with over 6 million

00:08

views on Tik Tok shows an elderly man

00:11

sneaking up on an unsuspecting Zoomer

00:13

snatching her phone and smashing it

00:15

right in front of her hey Billy did you

00:17

see this on the TV news it's fake news

00:20

dad look it's the same guy in a

00:22

different hat I reverse AI searched him

00:24

and his LinkedIn employer just says he

00:25

has contracts at Google and apple it's

00:27

just a stunt to promote iCloud and

00:29

Google one you have the high drive right

00:31

no dad my generation can't afford BMWs

00:35

unsettling if true now it's time for

00:38

today's Tech tip minute where we're

00:39

going to be showing you an affordable

00:41

way to safeguard your data watch this I

00:44

press this button and instantly my

00:46

photos are sinking over the internet but

00:48

instead of to an expensive cloud storage

00:50

provider I'm backing up to the nas board

00:53

right behind me wow look at it Go of

00:57

course network attached storage or Nas

01:00

devices are nothing new what's special

01:03

here is the value the friendly elec CM

01:06

3588 Nas kit costs about what you'd

01:10

spend for 2 terab of cloud storage per

01:12

year and its arm-based processor from

01:15

Rockchip crushes the CPU in this $700

01:19

bigname NZ as a bonus it's so efficient

01:22

it can be powered by just a 2 Amp 12vt

01:25

input there is one more thing you'll

01:27

need to know before you can stop paying

01:29

that monthly subscription and we're

01:30

going to tell you all about it after the

01:32

break super micro if you're in need of

01:35

high performance servers to support your

01:37

AI and machine learning workloads super

01:39

micro is here to

01:41

serve up some great options check out

01:44

their pedis scale oneu and 2u storage

01:47

servers at the link down

01:56

below despite being able to purchase the

01:59

CM 3588 Standalone it's really intended

02:02

to slot into their bundle $35 Nas kit

02:06

that comes equipped with 22 gig ethernet

02:08

three HDMI ports one in two out USB 3

02:12

USBC a Micro SD slot and the star of the

02:15

show four full-sized m.2 pcie gen 3

02:20

slots how is this only

02:23

$35 I mean I guess if you take away the

02:25

expensive bits like the so and the ram a

02:28

PCB and some connectors it even has gpio

02:31

still doesn't cost very much all we got

02:33

to do is install a cute little heat sink

02:35

click it into place and we're done but

02:38

this ease of use is only part of the

02:40

story the other part is modularity for

02:43

now friendly El only has this one board

02:46

but in the future who knows a SATA

02:49

version for hard drives or maybe one

02:51

with a PCI Express lot that would be

02:54

sick and what's cool is in the future if

02:57

your daughter board still meets your

02:58

needs but you want more performance you

03:00

could potentially upgrade the brain of

03:02

your tiny NZ without having to scrap the

03:04

whole thing I mean no promises the first

03:07

iteration kind of has to succeed for

03:09

there to be a followup but as it stands

03:11

right now I kind of love it this version

03:13

of the compute board comes with 4 gigs

03:15

of DDR 4X memory and no onboard storage

03:19

so the expectation is you either use the

03:21

SD slot on the nas kit or you upgrade to

03:24

the 8 or 16 gig ram versions which

03:26

include 64 gigs of emmc storage we ended

03:30

up with the ladder which brought our

03:31

price to

03:32

$160 it's not cheap but it's a really

03:35

solid value when you consider that

03:37

that's a onetime cost kind of like our

03:40

LT screwdriver HH One driver many

03:43

different bits let's get these drives

03:46

installed but while we're doing that

03:47

let's talk about the options that we

03:49

have each of these slots is a pcie gen

03:52

3x1 connection so that does limit our

03:56

bandwidth a little bit but it also opens

03:58

up some very interesting options for

04:01

example with inexpensive adapters we

04:03

could turn each of these into as many as

04:05

five SATA ports giving us support for 20

04:08

conventional hard drives we were more

04:11

interested though in a tiny power

04:13

efficient solid state Nas now with only

04:17

one lane per Port we're not going to be

04:18

setting any speed records here but

04:21

realistically our 2 and 1/2 gig network

04:23

interface is going to limit us long

04:25

before those pcie Lanes will which

04:27

realistically gave us a lot of

04:29

flexibility with when it came to

04:30

choosing our ssds we obviously don't

04:32

want anything unreliable so we're not

04:34

going to go with the cheapest thing but

04:36

we don't need to spend a fortune either

04:38

so we picked these 4 TB mp34 drives from

04:41

Team group for $165 each they're only

04:44

gen 3 but they have a 5-year warranty

04:47

and they even come with a dam cach

04:48

though that shouldn't really have an

04:50

impact on the relatively sequential

04:52

video editing work that we would do off

04:54

of this thing at a trade show or

04:56

something and for that matter most Naas

04:58

Duties are pretty similar whether you're

05:00

using it for PC backup photo and movie

05:03

backup or even running a video streaming

05:05

server with Plex or jellyfin and besides

05:08

because you're configuring your own you

05:09

can choose lower capacity drives or you

05:11

can populate just two slots run them in

05:14

a mirror for redundancy then 6 months

05:16

later when you get a nice paycheck you

05:18

can add one or two more so some of you

05:20

are probably wondering then why do you

05:22

need a NZ instead of just using external

05:25

hard drives anyway well for starters

05:29

these things suck they're a single point

05:30

of failure and they're super easy to

05:33

lose by comparison a Naz can be shared

05:36

with anyone else on your network which

05:39

leads to point two having all of your

05:41

data on your personal machine is

05:43

something that I have advocated against

05:44

for years your daily driver is the most

05:48

likely to be infected by malware or to

05:51

suffer a malfunction putting any data

05:53

that's on it at risk with that said a

05:56

single copy on a Nas isn't best practice

05:59

either and you should always follow the

06:01

321 rule three copies of your data on

06:04

two types of media with one of them

06:06

being off site now we usually turn to

06:08

tras for these types of projects but

06:11

with this board being Arm based we were

06:13

forced to look for another option and

06:15

eventually we settled on omv or open

06:18

media Vault conveniently friendly Alex

06:21

website includes a link to a Google

06:22

Drive that has all the install files and

06:25

instructions for the different methods

06:27

of installation we're going to be going

06:29

from an s d card to our emmc storage the

06:32

process took about 25 minutes and at the

06:34

end gave us an IP that we could use to

06:36

access the guey for open media Vault we

06:39

chose raid five for a balance of

06:41

protection and capacity and after

06:43

compiling and syncing we were left with

06:46

dang almost 11.2 tab of capacity now we

06:50

want to connect it to our windows-based

06:52

computers so we enable SMB the protocol

06:55

that Windows uses for Network file

06:56

sharing and then create a shared Drive

06:59

let's see how we did different media

07:01

file copying from our desktop to our

07:04

tiny Nas wow completely saturating our 2

07:07

and 1/2 gig interface that's awesome I

07:09

wonder how much CPU usage is happening

07:12

yeah you can actually check that we

07:13

could check that yep pretty substantial

07:16

amount it's not very powerful and

07:20

transfer back wow there you go it's

07:22

almost like that's a lot of interface

07:24

for a 2 and 1/2 gig connection did I

07:26

mention it's completely flipping silent

07:30

barely even hot to the

07:33

touch what am I even listening for

07:35

there's no fan on it just whatever it

07:36

doesn't matter do you know where there

07:37

are fans though float plane oh go

07:40

subscribe to float plane this is all

07:42

fine and good but it doesn't answer the

07:44

question of how do we protect ourselves

07:46

against the very real threat of snatch

07:48

and smash well under the plug-in section

07:52

in omv you can grab photo prism an AI

07:55

powered photo library that we can use a

07:57

separate application to sync to in our

08:00

case we used photo sync so for just over

08:03

$5 we're able to sync our photos with

08:06

almost any storage solution you can

08:08

think of including photo prism and

08:10

what's really cool is the sync can work

08:12

both ways so if your phone ever dies and

08:15

you need to replace it you just resign

08:18

into photosync and you can sync back

08:20

from your Nas to whatever new phone you

08:23

get no monthly subscription just a

08:25

one-time payment of this many dollars

08:28

for the app compared to more common

08:30

setups x86 processors on traz or unraid

08:33

for example we did have times when we

08:35

needed a little extra tinkering and know

08:37

how to get things working but after Jake

08:40

spent a couple of hours getting Plex up

08:41

and running in a Docker container this

08:44

little guy handled streaming just great

08:47

to two concurrent clients at least at

08:50

1080p it did once we bumped it up to 4K

08:53

that was a different story but hey if

08:55

you're not super satisfied with the

08:56

playback off of this device that's okay

08:59

you can run the Plex server on a more

09:01

powerful machine in your house say your

09:03

gaming desktop and then just use this as

09:06

a beef caked out little external hard

09:08

drive all you need is a network switch I

09:11

am curious to see how it'll handle video

09:13

editing though as it turns out the

09:15

entire editing department is on lunch

09:16

right now so I guess I get to do

09:21

this I am scrubbing I am starting to

09:24

thing we've got our Apple Vision Pro

09:26

video here this is the Facebook version

09:27

of though hence the super obnox ious

09:29

aspect ratio I can't even tell what the

09:31

heck's going on people watch videos like

09:33

this this is terrible but you know what

09:35

isn't the nas why don't we try 1/ half

09:39

resolution it's not the fastest thing

09:40

ever but realistically this is

09:42

reasonably heavy 4K footage this was

09:45

such a great moment in this video and

09:48

you can't really appreciate it at all

09:50

because stupid aspect ratio yeah

09:53

Facebook so it's pretty great and if

09:55

open media Vault isn't your thing elex

09:57

list of supported os's includes versions

09:59

of Debian friendly wrt Ubuntu and even

10:02

Android so what are you waiting for it's

10:04

a Linus siiz Nas that can scale up to 32

10:07

terabytes of storage with a top speec

10:09

price of

10:11

$160 if you're okay with doing a bit of

10:13

work and the value is especially

10:16

apparent when you look at the cost of

10:17

the larger storage plans from the major

10:19

Cloud providers Google for instance

10:22

wants $600 a year for their 10 TB cloud

10:25

storage plan that means it would take

10:27

less than a year and a half to to pay

10:29

off this exact NZ in this configuration

10:33

with all the ssds and that's with us

10:35

going full LTT and making a solid state

10:38

NZ so what can I say other than I give a

10:42

strong recommendation to this small boy

10:44

just like I give a strong recommendation

10:45

to this small boy oh and to our sponsor

10:48

super micro their pedis scale storage

10:51

servers are designed and optimized to

10:53

support data intensive workloads like Ai

10:55

and machine learning they have

10:57

convenient rear IO and front

10:59

configurations to make networking easier

11:01

they're available in 1u and 2u form

11:03

factors and they support up to 32 of the

11:06

latest generation pcie Gen 5 nvme ssds

11:10

they also tout single socket sp5 AMD

11:13

epic 9004 series processors and up to 24

11:16

dim slots that's not dim that's that's

11:19

smart plus their 2,000 watt redundant

11:22

titanium level power supplies will keep

11:24

them chugging along reducing maintenance

11:26

costs and downtime not to mention there

11:29

supercloud composer Cloud management

11:31

platform grants you access to a unified

11:33

dashboard to integrate tasks into a

11:35

single intelligent solution so don't

11:37

wait learn more about super micro's

11:39

pedis scale servers in the description

11:41

box down below if you guys enjoyed this

11:43

video go check out the 90 terabyte nvme

11:46

server that I ended up building and not

11:48

taking home to my house it's kind of the

11:51

opposite of this but it's still a fun

11:53

educational video

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Related Tags
DIY NASData BackupCloud StorageSnatch and SmashCybersecurityTech TrendCost-EffectiveNetwork Attached StorageOpen Media VaultDigital Safety