Ancient Manuscripts That Should Never Have Been Opened

Joe Scott
11 Mar 202419:29

Summary

TLDRThis video script delves into the mysteries of ancient manuscripts, such as The Voyage, which are written in undecipherable languages and feature bizarre illustrations. It explores various enigmatic documents, including a mummy-wrapped in an Atruscan text, the controversial Gospel of Judas, the Messet Kellum, the Groer Codex, and the Book of Soyga. Each manuscript presents unique challenges and theories, reflecting humanity's enduring fascination with decoding the past and understanding the world.

Takeaways

  • ๐Ÿ“œ The Voynich Manuscript is a mysterious book written in an unknown language with drawings of non-existent plants and animals, challenging our understanding of history and language.
  • ๐ŸŒ Many mysterious manuscripts have been found worldwide, often sparking controversy and raising questions about their origins and meanings.
  • ๐Ÿ“š The Atruskan linen book found wrapped around an Egyptian mummy in Zagreb is unique, as it's the longest Atruskan text ever found and provides insights into an extinct language.
  • ๐Ÿ“… The Atruskan text contains a calendar of rites and sacrifices, with references to gods like Nethuns, related to the Roman god Neptune, suggesting it was composed near modern-day Perugia, Italy.
  • ๐Ÿค” The journey of the Atruskan linen from its creation to its use as mummy wrapping raises questions about how it ended up in Egypt, with theories ranging from trade to the mummy's possible Atruskan ancestry.
  • ๐Ÿ”ค The Gospel of Judas, a controversial text suggesting Jesus asked Judas to betray him, challenges Christian roots and is believed to be a product of Gnostic belief.
  • ๐Ÿฐ The Messet Kellum, or the Tretis of the Vessels, claims to reveal the location of the Ark of the Covenant and other treasures, but its authenticity and origins are uncertain.
  • ๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ฝ The Groer Codex, an 11-page Mayan manuscript found by looters, contains images of death gods and a calendar for tracking Venus, and has been authenticated as genuine from the 13th century.
  • ๐Ÿง™โ€โ™‚๏ธ The Coptic Handbook of Ritual Power, or Egyptian Handbook of Ritual Power, is a recently deciphered guide for rituals and spells, dating back to pre-Islamic Upper Egypt.
  • ๐Ÿ”ฎ The Book of Soyga, reportedly transcribed by angels for Adam in Eden, is filled with Latin text and a mysterious code that has puzzled scholars for centuries.
  • ๐Ÿค” The existence of these mysterious manuscripts raises the question of whether ancient people were simply creative storytellers, similar to how we create fiction and art today.

Q & A

  • What is the significance of The Voyage manuscript?

    -The Voyage manuscript is significant because it is written in an unknown language with drawings of non-existent plants and animals, challenging our understanding of history and sparking controversy due to its mysterious origins and undecipherable content.

  • How does the disappearance of languages impact our understanding of history and culture?

    -The disappearance of languages leads to the loss of unique cultural ideas, historical records, time periods, and stories that were significant to those cultures, diminishing our understanding of human history and diversity.

  • What was unusual about the linen strips found with the Egyptian mummy in Zagreb?

    -The linen strips were unusual because they did not contain Egyptian hieroglyphics but instead featured an unknown language, which was later identified as Ausin, an early form of the Roman language not previously known to be in Egypt.

  • What does the Atruskan linen book wrapped around the Egyptian mummy suggest about cultural exchange?

    -The Atruskan linen book suggests that there was significant cultural and trade exchange between different ancient civilizations, as the mummy was wrapped in a text from a language and region not native to Egypt.

  • What is the main controversy surrounding the Gospel of Judas?

    -The main controversy is that the Gospel of Judas presents an alternative version of Christianity, suggesting that Jesus asked Judas to betray him to fulfill a prophecy, which challenges traditional Christian beliefs.

  • How was the authenticity of the Groer Codex established?

    -The authenticity of the Groer Codex was established through a detailed analysis by anthropologists, archaeologists, and cultural experts, including ultraviolet imaging, X-rays, microscopic analysis, and radiocarbon dating, which confirmed it was created in the 13th century without modern materials.

  • What is the significance of the Coptic Handbook of Ritual Power?

    -The Coptic Handbook of Ritual Power is significant as it provides insights into ancient magical practices and beliefs, including rituals and spells for various purposes, and is considered one of the oldest documents on magic from pre-Islamic Upper Egypt.

  • What is the Book of Soyga and why is it considered mysterious?

    -The Book of Soyga is a 200-page Latin text with sections on astronomy, angel identification, summoning demons, and magic. It is considered mysterious due to its seemingly random Latin letters forming a code that was not understood until mathematician Jim Reeds deciphered it in 2006, revealing a complex system based on magic words and constellations.

  • How do these mysterious manuscripts challenge our understanding of human creativity and history?

    -These manuscripts challenge our understanding by blurring the line between historical records and creative expression, suggesting that ancient people may have been as imaginative and artistic as we are today, and that some of these documents could be the result of creative storytelling rather than factual records.

  • What is the current state of research on the deciphered manuscripts mentioned in the script?

    -While the manuscripts have been authenticated and their codes deciphered, the full meaning and implications of the texts remain subjects of ongoing research and debate among scholars, with many mysteries still unsolved.

Outlines

00:00

๐Ÿ“œ The Enigma of Untranslatable Manuscripts

This paragraph delves into the world of mysterious ancient manuscripts, such as The Voyage, which have challenged our understanding of history and language. It highlights the importance of language preservation, as the loss of a language equates to the loss of cultural ideas and historical records. The discussion transitions into the intriguing discovery of an Egyptian mummy wrapped in linen strips with unknown writings, which turned out to be an Atruscan text, a language not native to Egypt. This unexpected find raises questions about how the linen made its way to Egypt and the purposes behind its use.

05:01

๐Ÿ“– Controversial Texts: Gospel of Judas and the Messet Kellum

The paragraph discusses the controversial Gospel of Judas, which presents an alternative version of Judas's role in Jesus's life, suggesting a close relationship between the two. The manuscript, written in Coptic language and later translated to Greek, has caused significant debate within the academic and religious communities. Additionally, the Messet Kellum, or the Tretis of the Vessels, is introduced as a manuscript claiming to reveal the fate of the Ark of the Covenant, listing various treasures and their hidden locations. The authenticity and origins of these documents remain uncertain, with some scholars considering them as works of fiction based on traditional scriptural methods.

10:02

๐Ÿ—“๏ธ The Groer Codex and the Coptic Handbook of Ritual Power

The Groer Codex, an 11-page bark paper manuscript with images of pre-Columbian death gods and Mayan symbols, is explored in this paragraph. Initially doubted due to its discovery by looters, it was later authenticated using various scientific methods, confirming its 13th-century origin. The Coptic Handbook of Ritual Power is also introduced, a recently deciphered document containing spells and rituals, believed to have been written in pre-Islamic Upper Egypt. The text includes references to Jesus and the Sethians, a religious group, and is thought to be a guide for achieving goals through magical means.

15:04

๐Ÿ”ฎ The Book of Soyga: A Mysterious Latin Manuscript

The final paragraph focuses on the Book of Soyga, a 200-page Latin manuscript with sections on astronomy, summoning demons, and magic. It was part of John D's library, who was told by a medium that the book was transcribed by angels for Adam in Eden. The manuscript contains a square of seemingly random Latin letters on each page, which mathematician and cryptologist Jim Reeds decoded in 2006 as being based on magic words and zodiac constellations. Despite the decoding, the meaning of the text remains a mystery, and theories suggest it could represent the universe. The paragraph ends by pondering the creative nature of humans and the possibility that these ancient documents might be the products of ancient creativity rather than factual records.

Mindmap

Keywords

๐Ÿ’กThe Voyage

The Voyage refers to a mysterious manuscript that is written in an unknown language, featuring drawings of non-existent plants and animals. It is mentioned as being super famous and is the subject of a video by the speaker, sparking interest in other similar mysterious manuscripts.

๐Ÿ’กLanguage Crisis

The term 'Language Crisis' denotes the rapid extinction of languages worldwide, with nine languages stopping to be spoken each year. This loss is significant as it leads to the disappearance of cultural ideas, historical records, and stories specific to those languages.

๐Ÿ’กAt Truskin

At Truskin is an early form of the Roman language that was discovered on linen strips wrapped around an Egyptian mummy. It was not spoken in Egypt, making its presence on the mummy a significant mystery. The discovery was remarkable as no surviving examples of At Truskin linen books had been found before.

๐Ÿ’กGospel of Judas

The Gospel of Judas is a controversial manuscript written on Papyrus, dating back to the 2nd Century AD. It presents an alternative version of the biblical story, suggesting that Jesus asked Judas to betray him to fulfill a prophecy. The text challenges fundamental Christian beliefs and is considered heretical by some scholars.

๐Ÿ’กMasset Kellum

Masset Kellum, also known as the Treatise of the Vessels, is a biblical manuscript that claims to reveal the location of the Ark of the Covenant and other treasures in King Solomon's Temple. The manuscript is shrouded in mystery due to its obscure origins and the enigmatic nature of its contents.

๐Ÿ’กGroer Codex

The Groer Codex is an 11-page pre-Columbian manuscript found in a cave in Mexico, featuring images of death gods, a calendar for tracking Venus, and Mayan symbols. Initially doubted due to its discovery by looters, it was later authenticated as a genuine 13th-century document through extensive analysis.

๐Ÿ’กCoptic Handbook of Ritual Power

The Coptic Handbook of Ritual Power is an ancient Egyptian text that contains spells and incantations for various purposes, such as love spells and exorcisms. It was only deciphered in 2014 and is believed to have been written around 1300 years ago in pre-Islamic Upper Egypt.

๐Ÿ’กBook of Soyga

The Book of Soyga is a 200-page Latin manuscript associated with Renaissance magical practices and beliefs. It includes sections on astronomy, summoning demons, and magic. Notably, it contains 36 pages of seemingly random Latin letters that have been speculated to be a coded message, with a curse attached to its decryption.

๐Ÿ’กMysterious Manuscripts

The term 'Mysterious Manuscripts' refers to ancient documents that are enigmatic, undeciphered, or contain controversial content. These manuscripts often challenge our understanding of history, religion, and culture, sparking intrigue and ongoing research.

๐Ÿ’กAuthenticity and Deciphering

Authenticity and Deciphering are key processes in the study of ancient manuscripts. Authenticity involves verifying the age and origin of a document, while deciphering refers to the่งฃ่ฏป of its content, often requiring advanced methods and interdisciplinary collaboration.

Highlights

The Voynich manuscript is a mysterious book written in an unknown language with drawings of non-existent plants and animals.

Ancient Egypt discovered a mummy wrapped in linen strips with unknown writing, later identified as the Aten language.

The Aten language was an early form of the Roman language, and no surviving examples of Aten linen books had been found until this discovery.

The linen book was preserved due to Egypt's arid climate and the materials used in mummification, making it the longest Aten text ever found.

The text from the linen book was a calendar detailing rights and sacrifices, composed near modern-day Perugia, Italy.

The Gospel of Judas, written on Papyrus, suggests Jesus asked Judas to betray him to fulfill a prophecy.

The Messet Kellum claims to reveal the location of the Ark of the Covenant and lists various treasures.

The Groer Codex, an 11-page Mayan manuscript, was initially doubted due to being found by looters but later proven genuine.

The Coptic Handbook of Ritual Power, recently deciphered, contains spells and incantations, including love spells and exorcisms.

The Book of Soyga is a 200-page Latin book with sections on astronomy, summoning demons, and magic, but contains a mysterious coded section.

The Jamestown Slate has overlapping inscriptions and drawings, challenging our understanding of history.

The Piri Reis Map shows mountains in South America and a deted Antarctica without ice, raising questions about ancient knowledge.

Easter Island's wood tablets have an undecipherable Rongo Rongo script that runs in different directions.

The Feos Disc contains 242 symbols that may represent phonetic groups but cannot be deciphered due to their limited number.

Mysterious manuscripts and codes share a commonality of capturing human fascination with mysteries and the desire to make sense of the world.

Ancient documents might be creative works, similar to how we create art and fiction today, challenging the notion of their pure historical accuracy.

The search for meaning in ancient documents, though they may never be fully solved, is still a valuable endeavor in understanding our past.

Transcripts

00:00

chances are you've heard of The Voyage

00:01

manuscript the mysterious book that

00:03

seems to be written in an unknown

00:04

language that nobody's ever been able to

00:06

translate it features drawings of plants

00:08

and animals that don't exist and nobody

00:11

knows who made it I've done a video

00:12

about it here it's super famous but it's

00:15

not the only mysterious manuscript

00:16

that's ever been found there's actually

00:18

a lot of them in fact I got a lot of

00:19

comments on that Voyage video requesting

00:21

that I talk about some of them but yeah

00:23

all around the world we've found

00:24

documents that challenge what we think

00:26

we know about history stir up

00:28

controversy and sometimes

00:30

just make no sense so today let's take a

00:32

look at some of the most mysterious

00:34

ancient manuscripts that have ever been

00:38

found in my episode about the world's

00:40

weirdest form of writing I talked about

00:42

how we're in a bit of a language crisis

00:44

I mean nine languages a year are stop

00:46

being spoken worldwide it's so bad that

00:48

they predict that by 2080 we'll be

00:49

losing a language every two weeks and

00:51

this is important because we we lose

00:53

ideas that are specific to cultures when

00:55

a language dies we lose records of time

00:58

periods and people we lose stories that

00:59

that were important to them at that time

01:02

and could still have meaning in our

01:03

lives today and then there are the

01:04

languages that we come across from our

01:06

past that we can't understand that um

01:08

even though we found them its meaning is

01:10

lost to us but what might be even

01:12

weirder is when we find manuscripts or

01:14

documents and languages we do understand

01:15

where we can decipher the information in

01:17

it but that

01:19

information is weird weird or out of

01:22

place or out of time or it's made in a

01:24

way that we can't figure out by people

01:26

who we don't know who they are now some

01:27

of these I'm about to talk about are

01:29

still being studied uh so we may find

01:31

out that they're not for real at some

01:32

point in the future but some of these

01:34

have been studied thoroughly and are

01:35

super legit which only brings up more

01:38

questions so let's start our treasure

01:40

hunt where else ancient Egypt in 1868 an

01:44

Egyptian mummy made its way to the

01:45

Museum of Zagreb in Croatia it was of an

01:48

ordinary woman nobody of any royalty or

01:50

a priest or anything like that but what

01:52

was interesting was what she was wrapped

01:54

in it was linen strips with writing on

01:56

it which isn't that big a deal but it

01:58

wasn't Egyptian hieroglyphic

02:00

it actually was something unknown at the

02:01

time about 20 years later the museum

02:03

officials sent the rappings to Vienna

02:05

and there the Austrian egyptologist

02:07

Jacob CRA looked at them and he figured

02:09

out what the language was it was

02:10

actually Ausin yeah weirdly for some

02:13

reason this mummy had been wrapped with

02:15

strips from an at truscan linen book

02:17

this was an incredible Discovery first

02:18

of all because at truscan was not spoken

02:20

in Egypt it was an early kind of Roman

02:22

language but also no surviving examples

02:25

of at truskin linen books had ever been

02:27

found I meant to say at truskin not at

02:30

there usually a linen book like this

02:32

would have dissolved way over time but

02:34

Egypt's area climate and the materials

02:36

that were used to dry the mummy helped

02:37

preserve it this wasn't just the first

02:39

atesin linen text that was found

02:40

completely intact it was also the

02:41

longest at truskin text ever found the

02:43

book was originally a sheet about 3.4 M

02:46

long before it was torn into strips for

02:47

bandages it contained 12 Columns of text

02:50

written in black and red ink and it's

02:51

thought that about 60% of the original

02:53

text is still on there they also found

02:55

Papyrus from the Egyptian Book of the

02:56

Dead wrapping the mummy's body which

02:58

could give us a clue as to who she was

03:00

so we found this linen it's in at

03:01

truscan we can read it what was this

03:03

thing actually about well basically it

03:05

was just a calendar about which rights

03:06

and sacrifices should be done throughout

03:08

the year there are certain Gods

03:09

mentioned like nethuns who was an at

03:11

truscan Water God related to the Roman

03:13

god Neptune and some of the words and

03:15

names in the text lead the experts to

03:16

believe that it was composed near the

03:17

modern day Italian city of perusia now

03:20

the linen itself was dated to the 4th

03:22

Century BCE but the writing is from much

03:24

later like the word January is used as a

03:26

start of a ritual year which means that

03:28

it was probably written between 200 150

03:30

BCE meaning whoever wrote this found

03:32

linen that was literally like 3

03:34

centuries old and then wrote stuff on it

03:38

and then later it got ripped up and was

03:40

used on a

03:41

mummy this linen has had quite the

03:43

journey like to me that's a huge mystery

03:46

right there like who goes and finds 300y

03:48

old linen and then writes on

03:51

it this doesn't even make sense but then

03:54

there's the obvious question of how did

03:55

this you know linen with a tresen

03:57

writing on it make its way to Egypt so

03:59

so the theory is uh since the mummy was

04:01

found in the in the city of Alexandria

04:03

which is a port city it's a big trading

04:05

Hub um one theory is that she was

04:07

basically just wrapped in whatever

04:08

material was available which again um

04:11

we're going to bury this person Let's uh

04:13

let's just let's just find that book

04:14

over there just tear up that book and

04:16

just wrap let's just do a papier-mรขchรฉ

04:18

around yeah that's one way to do it now

04:20

if that's the case then it would just

04:21

happen to have a truskin text on there

04:24

and there's no connection between that

04:25

and the Egyptian Book of the Dead stuff

04:27

that was in there and there's not really

04:28

any big mystery as to how it would have

04:30

made its way to Alexandria like I said

04:32

it was a port city there was a lot of

04:33

trade there and there was plenty of seaf

04:35

fairing trade that went on in the

04:37

Mediterranean way way back when so

04:39

that's one theory that they just found

04:40

the book and wrapped her up in it

04:42

because that's what was available

04:43

another theory is that she was actually

04:44

of a truscan ancestry so she was buried

04:47

to the customs of her ancestral and

04:49

adoptive cultures but either way it's a

04:51

book that was found wrapped around a

04:53

mummy and if that is not worthy of a

04:56

spot on a list of mysterious manuscripts

04:59

out of I don't know what is Here's a

05:00

thought instead of being a traitor could

05:02

Judas scariot have been Jesus's best

05:04

friend according to the controversial

05:06

Gospel of Judas that's exactly the

05:09

situation written on Papyrus and dating

05:11

to around the 2 Century ad it tells a

05:13

story of Jesus asking Judas to betray

05:15

him so that he can fulfill his prophecy

05:17

and Rise To Heaven the Papyrus is

05:19

actually what they call a codex that was

05:21

translated from ancient Greek to the

05:22

Coptic language around 300 ad it was

05:24

discovered in the 1970s in a cave near

05:26

elmina in Egypt and it just kind of got

05:29

past along between Antiquities dealers

05:31

before finally winding up in a safe

05:33

deposit box on Long Island New York he

05:36

wound up in the hands of Antiquities

05:37

dealer frieder newberger chakos who

05:39

bought the manuscript tried to sell it

05:41

couldn't sell it and then shipped it to

05:42

the meus foundation for Ancient Art in

05:44

basil Switzerland in 2001 there the text

05:46

was reconstructed and translated by

05:48

Rudolph CER or caser sure it was a 66

05:52

page manuscript that not only contained

05:54

The Gospel of Judas but also the first

05:55

Apocalypse of James a letter from Peter

05:57

to Phillip and a fragment of a text

05:59

called The Book of alyes okay so this

06:02

came out hundreds of years later it

06:03

clearly wasn't the actual Judas who was

06:06

the author of this text it was most

06:07

likely written by a gnostic by the way a

06:09

gnostic is someone who believes that

06:10

salvation is achieved through knowledge

06:12

instead of Faith um they also believe

06:14

that the world's Creator is not perfect

06:16

so the Gospel of Judas shows Judas as

06:18

being Jesus's favorite disciple and he

06:20

would actually give secret messages to

06:23

Judas that he didn't tell the other

06:24

disciples things like the creation of

06:26

humans and angels and other Celestial

06:28

beings and the nature of the Universe

06:30

the text also includes conversations

06:31

between Judas and Jesus in the week

06:33

before Passover all of that's

06:34

controversial but its biggest

06:36

controversy by far is the idea that

06:38

Jesus actually asked Judas to betray him

06:41

because he wanted if somebody were to

06:43

betray him he would want that to be his

06:44

best friend rather than an enemy this of

06:46

course challenges the roots of

06:48

Christianity um some Scholars have even

06:50

gone so far as describe it as fiction or

06:52

heretical forgery it also offers up a

06:54

different understanding of God which you

06:56

know in a perfect world would be okay

06:59

different different viewpoints in

07:00

all we don't really live in that world

07:03

so yeah the the the veracity of this

07:05

document is still very much under debate

07:07

uh obviously it's very old but how

07:09

accurate it

07:10

is as yet to be determined another Bible

07:13

related manuscript is the messet Kellum

07:15

or the tretis of the vessels it claims

07:17

to reveal what happened to the Ark of

07:19

the Covenant in King Solomon's Treasures

07:21

I mean don't we know what happened to

07:22

the Ark of the

07:24

Covenant feel like I've seen that

07:28

before

07:34

it lists items like 200,000 talents of

07:36

pearls 77 gold tablets from the walls of

07:39

Eden 1,000 liars and 7,000 loots all

07:42

these items were hidden in different

07:43

locations before the Babylonians

07:44

conquered Jerusalem and these locations

07:46

are purposefully obscure but also kind

07:48

of specific like in a tower or in the

07:51

spring of zedekiah Professor James deila

07:53

from St Andrew's University translated

07:55

the text but its age authorship and

07:56

origin are still uncertain there are

07:58

also two different versions of this the

08:00

first version was put into composite

08:01

Hebrew volumes between the 17th and 20th

08:03

centuries this version says that the

08:05

treasures are stashed away around

08:06

Babylon between the Euphrates and Tigris

08:08

Rivers the other version appears on two

08:10

ancient plaques and it says that the

08:12

treasures were stored in the Holy Land

08:13

either way Dila believes that U both of

08:16

these are basically fiction based on

08:18

different Legends as he told Live

08:19

Science in 2014 quote the writer draws

08:22

on traditional methods of scriptural

08:23

Exodus to deduce where the treasures

08:26

might have been hidden but I think the

08:27

writer was approaching the story as a

08:29

piece of entertaining fiction not any

08:30

kind of real guide for finding the Lost

08:32

Temple Treasures there are also some

08:34

similarities to The Copper Scroll which

08:35

is one of the Dead Sea Scrolls dating

08:37

back more than 1900 years for example

08:39

both texts refer to vessels and include

08:41

listings of gold so where do these

08:43

documents say that the arch of the

08:45

Covenant actually is

08:48

um well of course it's mysterious uh in

08:51

its own obscure way the text says that

08:52

the location won't be revealed until

08:54

quote the day of the coming of the

08:56

Messiah son of David So if you're

08:58

watching this and your name is David and

09:00

you have a child um please chime in in

09:02

the comments let us know if your child

09:04

is the Messiah cuz uh then we might

09:07

actually find out where this thing is in

09:09

1965 a team of looters Unearthed a few

09:11

items in a cave in Mexico they found

09:14

things like a wooden mask and a knife

09:15

with a handle shaped like a fist sounds

09:17

like some James Bond billain stuff they

09:19

also found a manuscript but because they

09:22

were looters they had trouble selling it

09:24

because people didn't think it was

09:25

authentic it was an 11-page manuscript

09:27

on bark paper that included images of

09:29

pre-colombian death Gods a calendar for

09:31

tracking Venus in Mayan images and

09:33

symbols it eventually found its way to a

09:35

book collector named hos Sans I think

09:37

I'm saying that right uh who had it

09:39

displayed at the groer club in New York

09:40

which is how it got its name the groer

09:42

Codex now when I first read that I

09:44

thought wow that's amazing and they

09:45

found this at some dance club in New

09:47

York no it's the groer club is a book

09:49

club they have exhibitions of rare books

09:52

and stuff like that

09:53

so not as interesting of a story it's

09:56

not as out of place there as it sounds

09:57

but because it was found by lutter and

09:59

because uh it kind of made its way to a

10:01

book club where it was on exhibition and

10:03

not quite you know in an academic sense

10:06

uh it was still considered by many to be

10:09

um inauthentic but in 2016 it was

10:12

officially determined to be genuine a

10:13

team of anthropologists archaeologists

10:15

and cultural experts examined the

10:16

document closely they looked at things

10:18

like its content its physical structure

10:20

and its style they used everything from

10:21

ultraviolet Imaging to X-rays and

10:23

microscopic analysis they even

10:24

radiocarbon dated it to the 13th century

10:27

so it's legit they were also able to

10:29

prove that the pigments and ink in the

10:31

manuscript contain no modern materials

10:33

that they were consistent with pigments

10:35

that were used in three other Maya Cotes

10:37

in fact the blue pigment found on one of

10:39

the pages is from Indigo die and

10:41

something called P gorite I think I'm

10:44

saying that right that's a clay mineral

10:45

that Mayans used for their blue pigments

10:47

and this material was only identified in

10:49

1964 and wasn't synthesized until the

10:51

1980s so yeah there's no way that the

10:53

looters could have made that ink back in

10:55

the' 60s there also images in the Codex

10:57

of the forger in the 1960s wouldn't have

10:59

known about like on one page uh there

11:01

was a mountain God picture with a Clift

11:03

in the center of his head that contains

11:04

maze kernels now that wouldn't mean

11:06

anything except that in 1974 a similar

11:08

image was found on a wall painting so

11:10

the forgers would have had to known

11:11

about that wall painting before faking a

11:13

book with that image in it and there's

11:15

no way they could have done that as for

11:17

what's in the groia Codex it's thought

11:19

that it has information about Venus's

11:20

role in Mayan astronomy and religion

11:22

also its drawings are really gnarly and

11:24

according to some places that I saw it's

11:27

considered the oldest manuscript in

11:29

North America today when we think of

11:30

spells and incantations and stuff like

11:32

that we think of witches and the dark

11:34

arts it's kind of frowned upon it's got

11:36

some you know Sinister motive to it but

11:38

there was a time in the ancient world

11:40

when you know incantations and spells

11:42

weren't frowned upon at all because

11:44

everybody believed in Magic and that's

11:46

where the Coptic Handbook of ritual

11:47

power comes into play it's also called

11:49

the Egyptian Handbook of ritual power

11:51

just amazing Name by the way but it was

11:53

only deciphered recently in 2014 by two

11:55

Australian researchers an antiques

11:57

dealer sold it to mcquary University

11:58

University in Australia in 1981 and yeah

12:01

researchers took a look at it and they

12:02

figured out that it's a handbook for

12:04

rituals and spells some of the Spells

12:06

include spells for love spells for

12:08

curing black jaundice and instructions

12:09

for performing an exorcism overall there

12:11

are 20 pages of parchment offering 27

12:14

spells and several incantations and

12:16

illustrations and at one time it may

12:17

have actually been two documents that

12:19

were combined into one later on Scholars

12:21

are unsure of exactly where it was

12:23

originally found but they believe that

12:24

somebody wrote it in pre-islamic Upper

12:26

Egypt around 1300 years ago there are

12:28

several references says to Jesus and the

12:29

sethians in the manuscript uh the

12:31

sethians were religious groups who

12:33

identified with Seth which is Adam and

12:35

Eve's third son the groups also

12:36

identified with a Godlike being named

12:38

bacoa uh this figure opens up the Codex

12:40

with these lines I give thanks to you

12:42

and I call upon you the bacoa the great

12:44

one who is very trustworthy the one who

12:46

is Lord over the 40 and the nine kinds

12:48

of serpents the translators think the

12:50

person who wrote this was not a priest

12:52

necessarily but maybe a scholar who was

12:55

writing this as a way to help people

12:56

achieve their goals like for example

12:58

there are spells in in there to help

12:59

someone do better in business or to get

13:00

along with other people in a way you

13:02

could say this was like the first